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PEF Annuals

The Palestine Exploration Fund Annuals began in 1911 and after a gap of fifty years the series has been recently relaunched. The Annuals are devoted to virtually all aspects of the history, archaeology, culture, ethnology, geography and geology of the Levant, especially but not exclusively research conducted or supported by the Fund and including excavation reports, major conference proceedings and monographs. Prospective authors are encouraged to contact the current Editor of the series, Dr. C.L. Crouch of the University of Nottingham, at carly.crouch [at]

  • NEW IN 2018: PEF Annual XIV - Dolmens in the Levant.

    When Western explorers first encountered dolmens in the Levant, they thought they had discovered the origins of a megalithic phenomenon that spread as far as the Atlantic coast. Although European dolmens are now considered an unrelated tradition, many resarchers continue to approach dolmens in the Levant as part of a transregional phenomenon that spanned the Tuarus mountains to the Arabian peninsula.

    By tightly defining the term 'dolmen' itself, this book brings these mysterious monuments into sharper focus. Drawing on historical, archaeological and goelogical sources, it is shown that dolmens in the Levant mostly concentrate in the eastern escarpment of the Jordn Rift Valley, and in the Galilean hills. They cluster near proto-urban settlements of the Early Bronze I period (3700-3000 BCE) in particular geological zones suitable for the extraction of megalithic slabs. Rather than approaching dolmens as a regional phenomenon, this book considers dolmens as part of a local burial tradition whose tomb forms varied depending on geological constraints.

  • PEF Annual XIII: The Excavations of Beth Shemesh, November–December 1912

    In 1909 the Scottish archaeologist Duncan Mackenzie was appointed ‘Explorer’ of the PEF. From the spring of 1910 until December 1912 he was engaged in archaeological fieldwork in Palestine, especially directing excavation campaigns at Ain Shems (biblical Beth Shemesh) – an important site in the Shephelah of Judah at the crossroads of Canaanite, Philistine, and Israelite cultures.  Because of a financial dispute with the PEF, however, he never submitted a detailed publication of his last campaign at Beth Shemesh, conducted in November-December 1912.

  • PEF Annual XII: Villain or Visionary? R.A.S. Macalister and the Archaeology of Palestine

    R.A.S. Macalister is an important but controversial figure in the history of Palestinian archaeology. This volume celebrates the centennial of the publication of his excavations at Tel Gezer (1912), conducted under the auspices of the PEF. This excavation was the most ambitious one of its time in the land, yielding important architectural remains and thousands of artefacts, including the well-known Gezer Calendar.  The contributions of several eminent  scholars reflect on the man and his work, and also report on how his work influenced the understanding of the sites he excavated in Palestine, all of which are currently being re-investigated. It is also richly illustrated with images from the PEF archives.

  • PEF Annual XI: Tourists Travellers and Hotels in 19th Century Jerusalem

    Jerusalem was a constant focus in the hearts and minds of all pilgrims and tourists travelling to the Holy Land in the nineteenth century, but knowing exactly where they might  get clean and decent accommodations on arrival was of the utmost importance.
    This volume is a study of the rise of commercial hotel keeping in Jerusalem, from the beginnings in the early 1840s, drawing extensively on travel accounts and archives, notably those of the Palestine Exploration Fund.

  • PEF Annual X: Mapping Jordan through Two Millennia

    This book shows how travellers and scholars since Roman times have put together their maps of the land east of the River Jordan. It traces the contribution of Roman armies and early Christian pilgrims and medieval European travellers.

  • PEF Annual IX: The Levant in Transition

    The latter part of the 3rd millennium BC witnessed severe dislocations in the social, economic and political structures of the lands at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea - the Levant. This volume contains the papers given at a conference held in 2004 at the British Museum, presenting both new evidence and new theories bearing on this transitional period.

  • PEF Annual VIII: Stone Vessels in the Levant

    Examining stone vessels in the Levant during the 2nd millennium BC, the author Rachael Thyrza Sparks explores the links between material culture and society through a comprehensive study of production and distribution.

  • PEF Annual VII: The Hellenistic Paintings of Marisa

    In early June 1902, John Peters and Hermann Thiersch were alerted to the discovery of two painted burial caves at Marisa, less than 40 miles southwest from Jerusalem. This new study of the paintings by David Jacobson includes high quality reproductions of the original photographic plates in the PEF collections.

  • PEF Annual III: The Wilderness of Zin (revised 3rd edition)

    The Wilderness of Zin was first published as the Annual of the Palestine Exploration Fund for 1914/15. It describes an incredible archaeological survey carried out as cover for a British military mapping operation in southern Palestine just before the outbreak of World War One in 1914.

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