By G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, Rupert L. Chapman III, and Joan E. Taylor
For archaeologists specializing in the Levant, the Onomasticon of Eusebius Pamphili, Bishop of Caesarea (c. 260-339 CE), has long been considered to be one of the most useful works extant from antiquity. Eusebius endeavoured to list every place mentioned in the Bible and locate each one in the lands he knew. These sites became the goals of Christian pilgrims for centuries to come. Eusebius also noted the many Jewish villages which had either survived the upheavals of the First and Second Jewish Revolts, or had been newly established in Galilee and the Negev/Daroma in the aftermath of these dramatic upheavals. Thus, Onomasticon is invaluable both for locating sites mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, and for the study of the various communities who shared Palestine in the Fourth Century of the present era.
The translation of Eusebius' Onomasticon, prepared for the first time in English by G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, follows the edition of Erich Klostermann and includes also, in parallel, the Latin rendering (or expanded version) of the Onomasticon, made by Jerome sixty years later, known as the Liber Locorum. By comparing the two works we can see how Christian Palestine developed between the early 320s and the late 380s.
Also included is an annotated index, assembled by Rupert Chapman, and two excurses dealing with the precise ways in which Eusebius defines locations by careful use of Greek prepositions, and also how distances were reckoned in the work.
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